Home / Catalogue / Darwinism / Headquarters Nights



A record of conversations and experiences at the headquarters of the German Army in France and Belgium during World War 1, following one man’s transformation from an opponent of all wars into an advocate for one.

In 1915, Kellogg was a pacifist and humanitarian working with relief organisations in war-torn Europe. By 1917, he wanted war with Germany, pursued to total victory. Headquarters Nights is the story of his conversion.

“And always we talked, and tried to understand one another; to get the other man’s point of view, his Weltanshauung.”

The Prussians told Kellogg how Darwinism justified war, how nations competed in the struggle for existence, and how war – the ultimate survival of the fittest – was the only means for ensuring civilisation’s progress.

Kellogg was shocked. An evolutionary biologist and expert on Darwinism, he knew this reading of Darwin was a corruption. It perverted Darwinism into a doctrine of  ‘might makes right’. After many long nights arguing with his Prussian hosts, Kellogg concluded there was no reasoning with them. This perversion had too strong a foothold. It created an evil militarism. The expansion of their views had to be resisted with all available force.

Headquarters Nights follows Kellogg’s conversion.


Vernon Kellogg was a zoologist and pacifist.


Kellogg, Vernon. 1917. Headquarters Nights: A Record of Conversations and Experiences at the Headquarters of the German Army in France and Belgium (London: Euston Grove Press), 119 pages. 2011 facsimile of 1917 edition.

ISBN13: 978-1-906267-32-2 (paperback)
ISBN10: 1-906267-32-4 (paperback)

Recommended price: £6.99 | $13.50 | €13.50
dimensions: 6″ x 9″ (inches)
dimensions: 154 x 229 (mm)


Purchase Amazon UKPurchase Amazon US Purchase HIVESearch Google

Sample pages





Share this page

Editor’s Blog

  • Brown Dog Affair

    In 1906, anti-vivisection campaigners unveiled a memorial in Battersea, London, as a new weapon in their long-running propaganda war. A celebrated libel trial focused attention on the plight of one… Continue reading

  • William Jennings Bryan Rises Again

    Death leaves work undone. William Jennings Bryan died just a few days after the 1925 Scopes ‘Monkey’ Trial came to an end. This left him with work undone. In the… Continue reading


Recent Published Titles

  • Shakespeare and Science

    Cumberland Clarke’s Shakespeare and Science is a monumental compilation of the Bard’s many references to natural and celestial phenomena, including a careful study of Shakespeare’s interest in, and dramatic use… Continue reading

  • UNESCO: Its Plan and Purpose

    UNESCO was created “to contribute to peace and security by promoting collaboration among the nations through education, science, and culture.” No one spoke with greater authority about the plan for UNESCO… Continue reading

  • The Brown Dog and His Memorial

    In 1907, London medical students protested over a statue raised to a little brown dog. Bonfires burned late into the night. Large groups marched through the streets clashing with police…. Continue reading

%d bloggers like this: